A home or any other building is dependent on its basement. When a foundation becomes soaked in water, it could cause a lot of damages in the walls of a basement including wall cracks, bulged out walls etc. There are various basement wall repair methods based on the type and magnitude of damage.
Fixing Bulging Basement Walls
Some of the causes of bulging walls include:
- accumulation of moisture which may be due to heavy rainfall or can be caused by leaking pipes
- a weak foundation which could be a result of debilitation and aging
- roots of trees planted too close to the building
Possible solutions to this problem include:
- Mounting steel beams as a form of support to the basement wall. It involves cracking the ground and fastening the base of the steel support to the footing of the basement wall and to its topmost part. When installed properly, they are able to pass on the weight exerted by the wall to the fastened parts of the steel beam.
- Setting up wall anchors. This is the simplest and most inexpensive method for repairing leaning walls. These anchors are able to revive lost strength from the sides of the wall. There are a number of wall anchor systems available on the market.
- Installing carbon fiber support. Carbon fiber is not a stretch fabric. It does not require cracking up the ground for its installation and no additional maintenance after installation.
Fixing Cracked and Leaking Basement Walls
Cracks and leakages are potential damages that go hand in hand. While a cracked basement wall may denote structural problems, it can also let water seep into the basement resulting in even further damage.
Possible Causes include one or more of the following:
- excessive load that puts a large amount of tension on the wall
- aged walls
- movement of the soil underneath the foundation
Methods employed in stopping this problem include:
- Make use of a caulk. The caulk helps to seal cracks in walls and keep water out. Caulk is usually applied with a Caulk gun which helps to push the caulk into the crack for a more effective result.
- Polyurethane foam injection. This is administered using an injection. It is liquid in nature and it is a foam sealing agent. It is one of the quickest ways of fixing cracks in basement walls. An epoxy injection could also substitute where a polyurethane injection is not available.
- Use a waterproof sealant. Unlike the polyurethane and epoxy injection methods that seal cracks and stop leakage from the interior of the basement wall, the waterproof sealant is for covering cracks on the outside of the basement wall.
Since basements are a source of strength to the entire building, their proper functioning should not be ignored. We have discussed the possible causes and their various solutions. Always remember that an expert’s opinion should be weighed in any of the circumstances mentioned above.